What Is Zoology
Zoology is the study of animal behavior, structure, physiology,and the distribution of animals. It is the branch of most biology that studies animals habitats and ecosystems and how they enteract with them.Most zoologists study certian areas of animals and they study thier characteristics.Historically, the study of zoology can be viewed as a series of efforts to analyze and classify animals. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle is credited with devising the system of classifying animals that recognized similarities among diverse organisms in the fourth century B.C.E.; he arranged groups of animals according to mode of reproduction and habitat. Zoology began to emerge as a science in the 12th century and long was dominated by studies of anatomy and efforts at classifying animals. The Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus developed a system of nomenclature that still is used today — the binomial system of genus and species — and established as a discipline taxonomy, the science of classification according to a predetermined system.Zoology today is as diverse as the animal kingdom it studies, broadening its range to include such fields as genetics and biochemistry. It now is considered an interdisciplinary field that applies a great variety of techniques to obtain knowledge of the animal kingdom. For instance, the genetic study of DNA from various animals can provide insights into their evolutionary history. Zoologists who concentrate on the morphology (the study of structure, including muscles, bones, cells and cellular components) employ many techniques first developed in the biochemistry lab.
How do you Become A zoologist?
These are the steps to become a Zoologist.
- Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree in Zoology
Some bachelor's degree programs in zoology allow for specialization and others are more generalized. Core courses for most programs are general biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Sometimes the biology requirement is divided into courses in molecular and organismal biology. If specialization is allowed or required, options are marine biology, ecology, genetics, animal behavior, or zoo and aquarium science. You can create a specialization by taking certain elective courses in the subject.
With a bachelor's degree in zoology, you can get an entry-level job as a zoologist or wildlife biologist, since there are minimal education and experience requirements. Once you gain more experience, you can move up to higher paying positions. While some entry-level zoologists and wildlife biologists conduct research, the majority of professionals need a graduate degree.
Get involved in volunteer work or internships. Not only can volunteering and interning count for college credit, these experiences provide networking opportunities, which help with finding future employment. Spots for internships are limited, so you can boost your chances of being selected by doing volunteer work. A few internships offer a stipend or paycheck to participants.
- Step 2: Obtain Employment with a Bachelor's Degree
This step is optional because you may decide to enter a graduate program immediately after graduating from a bachelor's program. Working in the field is beneficial when applying for and completing a graduate degree program. On the other hand, you may find employment and remain in your position without earning a graduate degree.
While zoologists are employed at zoos, they don't do the same job as zookeepers. Zookeepers focus on the care and feeding of zoo animals rather than animal research. Zoologists can also work for conservation organizations and federal agencies such as the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
- Step 3: Earn a Graduate Degree in Zoology
Master's and Ph.D. programs in zoology consist of coursework that is similar in subject matter to a bachelor's program, especially if they are offered through the same university. However, graduate-level courses are more advanced and research-oriented. Students may be taught in seminars.
Master's degree programs have a thesis and non-thesis option. In a non-thesis degree program, students need to pass an exam instead of completing a research project. The dissertation is the main focus of a doctoral program. Students are required to carry out original research, record and write about it, and orally defend the research to peers and department faculty members. Examples of research dissertations include wolf spider foraging behavior, toxicity effects of certain chemicals on rainbow trout, and how nutrient availability affects phytoplankton communities.
- Step 4: Work as a Zoologist
After completing a master's degree in zoology, you might qualify for a higher-level job with more pay and research opportunities. Teaching and research opportunities are open for those with doctoral degrees. Research at this level is used to develop new ideas and plans for conservation of certain animal species.
Consider joining a professional organization in the field of zoology. Many specialized branches of biology and zoology have societies and associations in which a professional in the field can be a member. As a member, you can read papers written by other professionals, make connections, and learn about workshops or classes for continuing education.